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Carus Medal

This medal has been awarded to junior scientists since 1896 in recognition of important scientific discoveries or achievements in a field represented by the Leopoldina. The original capital of around €2,000 came from a foundation set up by Academy members, friends and admirers of the 13th Academy President, Carl Gustav Carus, on 2 November 1964 to mark the 50th anniversary of his professorship.


However, the money was lost in the hyperinflation crisis of the 1920s. In 1937, in a move away from the foundation’s original rules, the Carus Medal was first awarded for important research. Since 1961, the medal has been complemented by the city of Schweinfurt’s Carus Award, which is worth €5,000. Medal winners have included the biochemist and later Nobel laureate Jacques Monod (1965), the biologist and later Nobel laureate Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard (1989) and the physicist and later Nobel laureate Stefan W. Hell (2013).

Year Laureate City Discipline
2017 Elisabeth Binder (born 1971) Munich Neurowissenschaften
2017 Matthias Tschöp (born 1967) Munich Medizin
2015 Emmanuelle Charpentier (born 1968) Hannover Biologie
2015 Hans Jakob Wörner (born 1981) Zurich Physikalische Chemie
2013 Stefan W. Hell (born 1962) Göttingen Physik
2013 Giesela Rühl (born 1974) Jena Rechtswissenschaften
2011 Liqiu Meng (born 1963) Munich Geographie
2011 Moritz Kerz (born 1983) Duisburg-Essen Mathematik
2009 Frédéric Merkt (born 1966) Zurich Physikalische Chemie
2009 Axel Meyer (born 1960) Konstanz Evolutionsbiologie
2007 Josef Penninger (born 1964) Vienna Medizin
2007 Guido Kroemer (born 1961) Villejuif, Frankreich Medizin
2005 Oliver G. Schmidt (born 1971) Stuttgart Physik
2005 Arndt Borkhardt (born 1963) Munich Medizin
2003 Katja Becker-Brandenburg (born 1965) Giessen Biochemie
2003 Ilme Schlichting (born 1960) Heidelberg Biochemie
2001 Martin E. Schwab (born 1949) Zurich Neurobiologie
2001 Jörg Hacker (born 1952) Würzburg Mikrobiologie
1999 Walter Schaffner (born 1944) Zurich Molekularbiologie
1999 Svante Pääbo (born 1955) Leipzig Molekulare Archäologie
1997 Herbert Roesky (born 1935) Göttingen Chemie
1997 Elmar Weiler (born 1949) Bochum Pflanzenphysiologie
1995 Peter Gruss (born 1949) Göttingen Zellbiologie
1995 Jürgen Troe (born 1940) Göttingen Physikal. Chemie
1993 Rudolf K. Thauer (born 1939) Marburg Mikrobiolgie/Immunologie
1993 Rüdiger Wehner (born 1940) Zurich Zoologie
1991 Erwin Neher (born 1944) Göttingen Biophysik
1991 Bert Sakmann (born 1942) Heidelberg Zellphysiologie
1991 Andreas Hense (born 1956) Bonn Meteorologie
1989 Rainer Storb (born 1935) Seattle Medizin
1989 Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard (born 1942) Tübingen Biologie
1987 Hannes Lichte (born 1944) Tübingen Physik
1987 Aleksandr F. Andreev (born 1939) Moskau Physik
1985 Nicholas John Shackleton (1937 - 2006) Cambridge (GB) Paläozeanographie
1985 Georges Köhler (1946 - 1995) Freiburg (Br.) Allg. Biologie
1983 Hans G. Gross (born 1936) Würzburg Biochemie/Biophysik
1983 Don Zagier (born 1951) Bonn u. Maryland Mathematik
1980 Klaus Hafner (born 1927) Darmstadt Chemie
1980 Jordan Malinowski (1923 - 1996) Sofia Physik
1977 Hermann Eggerer (1927 - 2006) Munich Biochemie/Biophysik
1977 Ernst Schmutzer (born 1930) Jena Physik
1975 Norbert Hilschmann (1931 - 2012) Göttingen Biochemie/Biophysik
1973 Rudolf Kippenhahn (born 1926) Göttingen Astronomie
1973 Heinz Bethge (1919 - 2001) Physik
1971 Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (1911 - 2000) Garching Physik
1969 Horst Hanson (1911 - 1978) Physiol. Chemie
1969 Günter Bruns (1914 - 2003) Jena Pathologie
1967 Manfred Eigen (born 1927) Göttingen Physikal. Chemie
1965 Otto Westphal (1913 - 2004) Freiburg (Br.) Physiologische Chemie
1965 Jacques Monod (1910 - 1976) Paris Physiologische Chemie
1963 Hansjochem Autrum (1907 - 2003) Munich Zoologie
1961 Feodor Lynen (1911 - 1979) Munich Physiologische Chemie
1957 Werner Schäfer (1912 - 2000) Tübingen Allg. Biologie
1957 Herwig Schopper (born 1924) Mainz Physik
1957 Gerhard Schramm (1910 - 1969) Tübingen Allg. Biologie
1955 Hans Hermann Weber (1896 - 1974) Heidelberg Physiologie
1944 Hermann von Wissmann (1895 - 1979) Tübingen Geographie
1943 Adolf Butenandt (1903 - 1995) Munich Physiologische Chemie
1942 Alwin Mittasch (1869 - 1953) Heidelberg Chemie
1940 Paul Buchner (1886 - 1978) Porto d'Ischia Zoologie
1939 Otto Grosser (1873 - 1951) Prag Anatomie
1938 Wilhelm Filchner (1877 - 1975) Berlin Geographie
1938 Carl Troll (1899 - 1957) Bonn Geographie

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E-Mail joerg.beineke @leopoldina.org

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