|Year of election:||2008|
|Section:||Psychology and Cognitive Sciences|
CV Uta Frith - PDF (English)
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Uta Frith established a cognitive neuropsychological approach to developmental disorders, which overturned previously held concepts of autism and dyslexia as social-emotional problems. The teams led by her succeeded in identifying specific cognitive deficits in autism and dyslexia and discovered their basis in the brain. As regards autism, Frith initiated, tested and developed the two of the three now widely accepted neuro-cognitive accounts of this disorder “lack of theory of mind” and “weak central coherence”.
As regards dyslexia, her team was also the first to identify the identical phonological deficit in experimental tests as well as in patterns of brain activity, in individuals from three different countries. She also was one of the first to develop a cognitive model for the acquisition of reading and spelling that explained and predicted dissociations between difficulties in reading and spelling and stimulated empirical research in education.
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