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Options for importing green hydrogen into Germany by 2030 (2024)

Analysis of the Academies’ Project „Energy Systems of the Future“

Published by the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, acatech – National Academy of Science and Engineering und the Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities

(2024, 137 pages)

Hydrogen is an important element that can act as a stepping stone on the pathway to achieving climate neutrality. With a view to decarbonising industry and certain transport sectors in particular, it is a critical strategy alongside direct electrification. However, it will only be possible to meet the high demand for hydrogen anticipated for the future by importing significant amounts. At this stage, it is essential to learn from the past and minimise dependencies. This analysis paper by ESYS experts presents transportation options, considers their advantages and disadvantages and outlines the obstacles and challenges standing in the way of transportation routes and hydrogen partnerships being established.


Elmar König

Head of Department Science – Policy – Society, Head of Berlin Office

Phone 030 203 8997 - 865
E-Mail elmar.koenig (at)leopoldina.org